Britain is no longer a member of the European Union.
The United Kingdom left at midnight — 47 years after it joined in 1973 and more than three years after it voted to walk away in the Brexit referendum.
British and EU flags were lowered in Brussels and London while crowds gathered in London, Edinburgh and elsewhere marking the country’s final hours of membership.
It was more of a symbolic moment than a sign of real change, as Britain’s 11-month transition period means all the benefits and mechanisms of EU membership still apply.
But many saw reasons to celebrate.
In London, Brexit supporters draped in British flags gathered outside the Houses of Parliament for an upbeat rally led by Nigel Farage.
“We did it,” Farage told cheering supporters. “We’ve transformed the landscape of our country, and there are some that say we shouldn’t celebrate tonight. Well, we are going to celebrate tonight … this is the single most important moment in the modern history of our great nation.”
PM Boris Johnson hailing the UK’s departure from the European Union as an “astonishing moment of hope” that is “not an end but a beginning.”
He described it as “potentially a moment of real national renewal and change.”
“This is the moment when the dawn breaks and the curtain goes up on a new act in our great national drama,” he said.
He said that “for all its strengths and for all its admirable qualities, the EU has evolved over 50 years in a direction that no longer suits this country,” adding: “That is a judgment that you, the people, have now confirmed at the polls. Not once, but twice.”
In Scotland, where the UK’s departure from the European Union could boost demands for independence, thousands attended a ‘Missing EU Already’ rally.
French President Emmanuel Macron called Brexit Day “a historic alarm signal” for Europe to become simpler and more democratic.
He also sounded a note of reassurance, saying: “I want to say to all British people living in France, some of you for many years, that tomorrow morning things will not change for you. You are in France, at home. Today, and tomorrow.”
Earlier in the day, European leaders called for the EU to close ranks and become even more united as the UK officially left the bloc, with Ursula von der Leyen stressing that “strength does not lie in splendid isolation”.
At a news conference in Brussels, the heads of three EU institutions sought to dispel the idea that the UK’s departure has weakened the European project.
Not a happy moment
David Sassoli, the President of the EU parliament, opened the presser saying that that EU “have done everything to make UK citizens understand the gravity of their decision”.
He said that “this day will be marked in history”, while Charles Michel, the head of the EU Council, called it an “exceptional day for the EU”.
“It’s never a happy moment when someone leaves,” Michel continued, reaffirming the bloc’s commitment to “have our relationship with the UK be as close as possible”.
He then focused on the union’s future saying: “we will devote all our energy in building a stronger and more ambitious union”.