When it comes to oral and dental hygiene, sensitive teeth is an important topic. Many people note extra sensitivity when they eat or drink something hot or cold, but they might not attach much importance to it at first.
However, when you ignore sensitivity in the teeth, it can turn the pleasure of eating and drinking into a nightmare. Let’s take a quick look at what causes sensitive teeth and what you can do to prevent it.
What is sensitivity in the teeth?
Sensitivity in the teeth can occur when the dentin layer that normally covers teeth is damaged. The roots of the teeth are covered by your gums, but when gums recede, the tooth can become exposed. When this happens, anything particularly cold, hot, sweet or sour that you eat might result in painful sensitivity.
Some factors that cause teeth to be sensitive
When gums recede: When this occurs, it causes the dentin layer of teeth to be exposed. And when the protective dentin layer is exposed and damaged, it can cause sensitivity in the teeth.
Brushing your teeth too hard: When you brush too hard or fast, gums can get damaged, which can lead to erosion of the enamel and dentin layers on the teeth.
Grinding your teeth: This can cause damage to the enamel of the teeth, which in turn causes sensitivity. Nerve endings are also affected by this and will be more sensitive to pain.
Infections in the teeth: These can be caused by a buildup of tartar and bacteria on the teeth, and can negatively affect the gums. When swollen gums become even more damaged, they lose their ability to protect and support the roots of the teeth.
Dental plaque: Plaque and tartar that build up near the roots of the teeth can cause sensitivity to the teeth.
Teeth whitening products: Products containing peroxide and baking soda can actually be the cause of sensitive teeth.
Broken or rotten teeth: These can cause sensitivity both in the teeth and the gums, which is why routine checkups are a real necessity.
Acidic foods and drinks: These can erode the layer of enamel on the teeth, which is why lemons and other citrus fruits as well as soft drinks can all cause teeth to become more sensitive over time.
Mouthwashes: Some mouthwashes are more acidic than others, so you should watch out for sensitivity in the teeth as a result of this.
How can teeth be protected from sensitivity
Use a soft toothbrush and softer motions when brushing your teeth.
Make sure you practice good oral and dental hygiene.
Use special toothpaste made for sensitive teeth.
Use dental care products that contain fluoride.
Watch what you are eating and drinking.
Don’t consume hot and cold together.
Make sure you get regular dental checkups.
What can be done about excessive sensitivity?
Surfaces that are causing sensitivity on the teeth can be fixed.
Gums can be treated.
Plaque and tartar buildup on the teeth can be cleaned.
Filling materials can be used to make up for outer layers on the teeth that are missing or have eroded.
Problems that lead to grinding of the teeth can be eliminated.
DR. ÇAĞDAŞ KIŞLAOĞLU