New diseases always arise. Sexually transmitted infections are no exception.
These four new bacteria pose a major threat to health.
1. Neisseria meningitis
Neisseria meningitis, also known as meningococcus, is a fatal disease that causes infection of the protective membranes of the brain and spine.
This disease is increasingly seen as the cause of urogenital infections.
Ten percent of adults have the neisseia meningitis microbe behind their nose and throat, according to new study. Research has shown that these people can infect their partners through oral sex, kissing or infectious drops.
.In 2015, scientists discovered that the Neisseria is related to the gonorrhea germ.
This mutation accelerated the spread of sexually transmitted infections.
There are five types of Neisseria meningitis, but only two of them have vaccines.
2. Microplasma genitalium
Microplasma genitalium, which is one of the smallest known bacteria, has become more known among sexually transmitted diseases.
The percentage of people infected by this bacterium found in the 1980s is %1-2, especially among adolescents and young people.
This disease’s symptoms are similar to those of chlamydia or gonorrhea.
More tests are needed to prevent the microplasma genitalum super microbe.
3. Shigella flexneri
Shigellosis or Shigella dysentery is transmitted through direct contact with the human stool.
Infection causes severe abdominal cramps, bloody diarrhea, and this increases the chance of infection.
Demetre Daskalakis from New York City Health and Mental Hygiene department said that this sexually transmitted disease develops resistance to the azitormicin drug used for gonorrhea.
Public health officials are worried about the shigellan turning the gonorrhea microbe into a super microbe, so they are experimenting with different treatments.